Concussion - Athletes Fact Sheet
What is a concussion?
A concussion is a brain injury that:
- Is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head.
- Can change the way your brain normally works.
- Can range from mild to severe.
- Can occur during practices or games in any sport.
- Can be serious even if you've just been "dinged" or had your "bell rung."
How can I prevent a concussion?
It's different for every sport. But there are steps you can take to protect yourself from a concussion.
- Follow your coach's rules for safety and the rules of the sport.
- Practice good sportsmanship at all times.
- Use the proper sports equipment, including protective equipment (such as helmets). In order for equipment to protect you, it must be:
- Appropriate of the game, position and activity.
- Well maintained.
- Properly fitted.
- Used every time you play.
How do I know if I've had a concussion?
You can't see a concussion, but you might notice some of the symptoms right away. Other symptoms can show up days or weeks after the injury. It's best to see a health care professional if you think you might have a concussion. An diagnosed concussion can affect your ability to do schoolwork and other everyday activities. It also raises your risk for additional, serious injury.
What are the symptoms of a concussion?
- Nausea (feeling the you might vomit).
- Balance problems or dizziness.
- Double or fuzzy vision.
- Feeling sluggish.
- Feeling foggy or groggy.
- Concentration or memory problems (forgetting game plays).
What should I do if I think I have a concussion?
- Tell your coaches and your parents. Never ignore a bump, blow or jolt to the head. Also, tell your coach if one or your teammates might have a concussion.
- Get a medical check up. A health care professional can tell you if you have had a concussion and when your are OK to return to play.
- Give yourself time to recover. If you have had a concussion, your brain needs time to heal. While your brain is still healing, you are much more likely to have a second concussion. Second or later concussions can cause permanent brain damage, and even death in rare cases. Severe brain injury can change your whole life.
It's better to miss one game than the whole season.
Rhinos Club Response to Concussions
No practice or games until obtain a physician's written OK to participate.
Staged return to play:
(1) Non-contact practice. If no symptoms, proceed to #2.
(2) Contact practice. If no symptoms, proceed to #3.
(3) Game. If any symptoms in game, return for physician written OK.
Concussion - Parents Fact Sheet
What is a concussion?
A concussion is a brain injury. Concussions are caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head. The can range from mild to severe and can disrupt the way the brain normally works. Even a "ding" or a bump on the head can be serious.
What are the signs and symptoms of a concussion?
You cannot see a concussion. Signs and symptoms of a concussion can show up right after the injury or can take days or weeks to appear. If your teen reports any symptoms of a concussion, or if you notice the symptoms yourself, seek medical attention right away.
OBSERVED BY COACHING STAFF
- Appears dazed or stunned
- Is confused about assignments
- Forgets plays
- Is unsure of game or score
- Moves clumsily
- Answers questions slowly
- Loses consciousness
- Shows personality changes
- Cannot recall events prior to the hit
SYMPTOMS REPORTED BY ATHLETE
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Double of fuzzy vision
- Sensitivity to light nor noise
- Feeling foggy or groggy
- Concentration or memory problems
What should you do if you think your teenage athlete has a concussion?
1. Seek medical attention right away. A health care professional will be able to decide how serious the concussion is and when it is safe for your teen to return to sports.
2. Keep our teen out of play. Concussions take time to heal. Don't let your teen return to play until a health care professional says it's OK. Athletes who return to play too soon — while the brain is still healing — risk a greater chance of having a second concussion. Second or later concussions can be very serious. They can cause permanent brain damage, affecting your teen for a lifetime.
3. Tell all of your teen's coaches about any recent concussion. Coaches should know if your teen had a recent concussion in ANY sport. Your teen's coaches may not know about a concussion your ten received in another sport or activity unless you tell them. Knowing about the concussion will allow the coach to keep you teen from activities that could result in another concussion.
4. Remind your teen: It's better to miss one game than the whole season.